Do People With Down Syndrome Know They Have It?
The majority of adults with Down syndrome are aware of their condition. Children with Down syndrome have unique needs yet lead normal lives. Neither moderate nor severe Down syndrome is possible.
Down syndrome is a common congenital disability, and not everyone with the condition is aware of it. There are many physical characteristics of people with Down syndrome, but positive self-esteem is also associated with it. To better understand this disorder, read this article about the common physical characteristics of people with Down syndrome. You will also learn about treatment options. In addition, please read our Down syndrome, Characteristics, and Self-Esteem article to learn more.
Positive self-esteem of people with Down syndrome
This study examines the relationship between self-esteem and family relationships in people with Down syndrome. The study is unique in linking three previous studies and exploring whether attitudes differ among family members. It also examines the responses of 6 Down syndrome support groups in six states. It finds that nearly 99% of people with Down syndrome have high self-esteem and love their families. In addition, the researchers conclude that the relationship between positive self-esteem and family relationships is mainly unaffected by the condition.
Communication is one of the significant challenges facing individuals with Down syndrome. Research has shown that 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience problems communicating. While communication and self-esteem are linked in other populations, the relationship between communication difficulties and self-esteem in people with Down syndrome was not studied in detail. The study recruited individuals from a nonprofit organization for people with Down syndrome. The methodology used was qualitative, focusing on data collected through semi-structured interviews.
In one survey, a small percentage of people with DS reported feelings of sadness about their lives. This was associated with being in high school, just out of high school, or in college. In contrast, feeling sad was negatively correlated with their positive self-esteem. This finding points to a need for more research on this topic. In addition to examining individual behaviors and attitudes, further research on the relationship between emotional wellbeing and self-esteem in individuals with Down syndrome should be done.
Parents of children with Down syndrome report lower self-esteem than parents of typically developing children. The relationship between social support and self-esteem is moderated by perceived social stigma. In the long run, social/sexual education will help increase the quality of life for people with Down syndrome and reduce the risk of sexual abuse, prevent sexual misunderstandings, and alleviate problems associated with sexual function. In the following video, Leslie Walker-Hirsch, co-founder of the CIRCLES program, discusses the importance of social/sexual education for people with Down syndrome.
Common physical features
Individuals with Down syndrome have many similar physical features. For example, they may have a flat forehead, light-colored spots in the eyes, and a small, rounded nose. They may also have abnormal teeth or a narrow palate. They also have rounded faces and a small amount of extra skin at the nape of the neck. There are several more common physical features associated with people with Down syndrome, but these aren’t all present in all cases.
Down syndrome is often accompanied by other conditions, including abnormalities of the face. People with DS may have a broader face, a flatter nasal bridge, and a smaller nose. Eyes may be almond-shaped and small, with a single palm crease on the hand. They may have other medical issues, such as congenital heart defects and a mild-to-moderate intellectual disability. Additionally, individuals with Down syndrome may experience recurrent ear infections or have poor muscle tone. A thicker neck can also be a sign of Down syndrome.
People with Down syndrome are at increased risk of many diseases, including respiratory infections, autoimmune disorders, thyroid and gastrointestinal disorders, and certain cancers. People with Down syndrome are also more prone to obesity and developmental milestone delays. Moreover, they often have a lower than average muscle tone, which may contribute to feeding problems and even constipation. However, the good news is that this low muscle tone will improve as the child grows older.
A person with Down syndrome may also develop several medical conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux, which is the backflow of acidic contents from the stomach into the esophagus. Individuals with Down syndrome may also suffer from underactive thyroid glands, a butterfly-shaped organ in the lower neck that produces hormones. Their hearing and vision will also be impaired in some cases. Children with Down syndrome are also at risk for a smaller number of cancers of the blood-forming cells.
A rare type of Down syndrome is translocation Down syndrome, which is caused by an extra chromosome 21 during cell division. This condition can be caused by behavioral factors but is not a distinct physical characteristic. People with translocation Down syndrome are at a greater risk of having a child with this condition. The genetic component of Down syndrome is unknown, and numerous factors influence the likelihood of developing the disorder.
One of the most common causes of Down syndrome is chromosome 21 translocation. This abnormal chromosome 21 attaches to another chromosome during cell division. This extra chromosome causes the characteristic features of Down syndrome. Translocation accounts for approximately 3% of cases of Down syndrome. In addition, it can cause a child to have a combination of two cell types. If you suspect you may have this disorder, seek medical help or genetic counseling.
Most cases of Down syndrome are inherited, but the exact cause is still unknown. The genetic change occurs during cell division, and the cause is not linked to the mother’s actions during pregnancy. Women with Down syndrome tend to be younger than average, and the condition increases in incidence with maternal age. About 80 percent of children with this condition are born to women under 35. However, some cases of translocation have a genetic component.
While some physical features of Down syndrome are similar in all cases, the behavior and cognitive abilities of individuals with Down syndrome vary widely. As a result, it isn’t easy to make broad generalizations. However, in the United States, 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome each year. There are several programs and organizations dedicated to raising awareness and helping families. One of them is Up Side of Downs. By providing resources for families to discover the exact causes of Down syndrome, they are better equipped to help families cope.
Down syndrome patients have abnormal head shapes and craniofacial features. Male patients have a depressed nasal bridge, incompetent lips, and fissured tongue. Females with Down syndrome have a narrow, high-arched palate. These are just a few characteristics that distinguish individuals with Down syndrome. You can learn more about this condition by reading this article. It will help you make the right decisions when choosing a doctor for your child.
Unlike normal chromosome 21 copies, babies with Down syndrome have different teeth and may develop fewer teeth in the same order. Health care providers recommend dental checkups. Children with Down syndrome are prone to infections. They should be vaccinated to protect them from disease. They may have problems with swallowing, feeding and bowel movements, and meeting developmental milestones. Even though these symptoms may seem familiar, panic is not necessary. With early intervention, your child will grow up at a pace that is right for them.
There are many treatments for people with Down syndrome, ranging from physical therapy to assistive devices. Treatment may begin as early as the infant stage. Various conditions can be addressed, such as a heart defect, hypothyroidism, or visual or hearing loss. A team of health professionals will develop an individualized plan to address any problems. Some children with Down syndrome attend regular neighborhood schools. In addition, this child has the right to receive special education services.
Occupational therapy is an integral part of Down syndrome treatment. These therapists use their knowledge of child development and medical conditions to help people with Down syndrome learn how to do everyday tasks. Many children and adults with Down syndrome experience speech delay, which occupational therapists can treat. These professionals can teach children alternative communication methods and augment their spoken language. These therapists can assist with daily tasks and improve coordination. While they may initially have to work with a caregiver, they will help the child develop independent living skills.
Regular screening for children with Down syndrome is an essential part of their care. A doctor can identify problems early to determine whether additional treatments are necessary. For example, some children with Down syndrome may need surgery to correct a heart defect, while others may need ear plugs or hearing aids. These treatments can improve a child’s vision and help them learn. The benefits of therapy for people with Down syndrome are numerous.
There are numerous health conditions associated with Down syndrome. Several of these can be treated with medication and assistive devices. Surgery may also be required in some cases. Treatment options for people with Down syndrome vary greatly. Early intervention is crucial in improving a person’s skills. If the problem is not detected early, it can lead to severe health problems. When diagnosed, treatment options can help to improve a patient’s quality of life and keep them independent.
Down syndrome may affect a person’s ability to produce certain hormones, including thyroid hormone. People with Down syndrome have insufficient thyroid hormone, which contributes to their weight problems. As a result, these people may develop type 1 diabetes and require insulin injections. Additionally, people with Down syndrome often have extreme flexibility between bones at the top of the spine. This causes atlantoaxial instability, which can lead to pain and even paralysis.