Down Syndrome in Black People

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Down Syndrome in Black People

Down Syndrome in Black People

All races and socioeconomic classes are susceptible to Down syndrome, but older mothers are more likely to give birth to a child with the condition. A woman who is 35 years old has a probability of conceiving a child with Down syndrome of roughly one in 350, and by the time she is 40, her likelihood rises to one in 100.

Many of us have heard about the death rate of individuals with Down syndrome. This statistic is alarming because the rate of death for this genetic disorder was just under half that of the white population. In addition, while life expectancies have increased in minority populations, they are still far below that of whites. But there is good news. Several studies have been conducted to investigate the causes of death for these individuals and how to cope with these problems.

Down Syndrome in Black People

Developmental delays

While no effective treatment currently exists for Down syndrome, early intervention programs are available for children. Many developmental delays are related to sensory processing, and early intervention programs may focus on teaching parents to work with their children in their homes. For example, children with Down syndrome may be sensitive to touch, manipulation, and textures in the mouth. These sensory issues can impact oral motor skills and the child’s willingness to eat various foods. Other problems may relate to expressive communication.

Among African-Americans, developmentally delayed children are less likely to survive than those with white Down syndrome. The reason isn’t apparent, but black infants’ odds are much lower. Typically, human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes or 46 total. Each pair determines a person’s characteristics. Individuals with Down syndrome have an extra copy of chromosome 21.

Parents of children with Down syndrome should discuss the condition with their children’s parents and siblings. It’s essential to address any misconceptions or preconceived notions about the child’s future. It’s also important to remember that children with Down syndrome can meet milestones just like other children. While they may be slower to reach certain milestones, they’ll still learn to meet the same developmental goals as their peers.

Children with Down syndrome should undergo developmental screening at nine months of age. Even if there are no other delays, there’s a 20-30% chance that the child will develop an autism spectrum disorder. Clinicians should follow the child closely and refer them if any suggestive symptoms arise if needed. If the symptoms persist, a doctor may recommend developmental screening for children with Down syndrome. It is important to remember that many children with Down syndrome can have a diagnosis of ADHD or both.

Early intervention is critical. The goal of early intervention is to maximize the child’s development while limiting the effects of the disorder on the family. An early diagnosis of Down syndrome will increase the chances of achieving a fuller quality of life. The goal of treatment for children with Down syndrome is to maximize their potential in the home and social settings while ensuring their growth and social inclusion. In addition, the medical home should provide ongoing information to the family and child’s parents, including addressing potential underlying conditions and using interventions.

Intellectual disability

People with Down syndrome often experience some degree of intellectual disability. Typically, they develop later than their peers in terms of walking, talking, and being potty trained. While these milestones are later for children with Down syndrome, the ability to learn can last a lifetime. Early intervention programs can support the child’s development by offering speech therapy, physical therapy, and home teaching programs. The key to a child’s success is education and support.

To understand the causes of this phenomenon, researchers studied the IQ scores of adults with DS. IQ tests measure cognitive ability. The study used data from U.S. Multiple Causes of Death Mortality files collected between 2005 and 2017, which included 32,760,741 adults. IQ scores were found to vary by race and ethnic background. However, the IQ scores of people with Down syndrome were similar to whites of other races.

Though many persons with Down syndrome survive into adulthood, the average life expectancy for people with the disorder is shorter than that of their peers. In addition, many people suffer from heart disease, infections, and early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. Some people with Down syndrome never achieve self-sufficiency. Others may never reach this stage. However, most can contribute to a home or sheltered environment. A child with Down syndrome should not use a wheelchair.

The majority of children with DS are born with a mild to moderate level of intellectual disability. In addition, approximately 40% of those with Down syndrome have congenital heart disease. As the number of black people with DS increases, so does the risk of developing heart disease. Although DS is rarely fatal, it is a serious complication for black children. Despite these complications, it is crucial to monitor the progression of the disease.

Increased risk for specific medical issues

Individuals with Down syndrome face an increased risk for some medical issues throughout their childhood. While the development of leukemia in this population is rare, routine screening for leukemia is not recommended for individuals with Down syndrome. However, follow-up CBCs are essential in children with myeloproliferative disease or leukemoid reaction, which is often associated with Down syndrome. In addition to a higher risk for leukemia, individuals with Down syndrome also have an increased risk of developing microcephaly.

Although life expectancy varies between races, the risk for specific medical problems is not. Down syndrome affects people from all races and racial groups. Although the overall survival rate of people with Down syndrome has increased in recent decades, African-Americans have not been as lucky. Their life expectancies are nearly half those of their white counterparts. However, there is some good news: in recent years, doctors have made significant improvements in survival rates for people with Down syndrome.

While most reports of COVID-19 in people with Down syndrome are based on studies of fewer than ten individuals, one recent study looked at data from 8 million adults with and without the disorder. In this study, 37 of 4053 individuals with Down syndrome had positive results in the test. Unfortunately, of these 37 individuals, 27 died of the virus. Unfortunately, this study could be biased because many individuals with Down syndrome do not have access to primary care physicians during the early phase of the epidemic. The study may also not reflect those with milder forms of the disease.

A third 21st chromosome found in those with Down syndrome has been linked to the production of amyloid beta, which affects the brain. This extra dose of amyloid forms plaques on brain scans. These plaques are visible when they reach their late 30s or early 40s. In later life, these plaques will change into tangles of tau.

Cost of care

Children with Down syndrome are more likely to require hospital services than children without DS. However, there is a lack of data on racial/ethnic variation in costs. Researchers analyzed hospital discharge records from 1999 to 2004 and birth certificates linked to the national congenital disabilities registry to determine the proportion of children with DS who required hospital care. They compared rates of use of hospital services among infants and children of various races using Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Costs were calculated in 2011 United States dollars.

In the United States, approximately one-third of people with Down syndrome have some form of dementia. While Alzheimer’s affects older adults, most people with the condition start to display signs of dementia when they reach their middle or later years. As such, the average age at which dementia is diagnosed is 54. Despite this, Alzheimer’s is the leading cause of death among people with Down syndrome. In addition, the cost of care for Down syndrome is significantly higher for blacks than whites.

The National Association for Down Syndrome (NDSS) offers broad-based information and advocacy to people with Down syndrome. The organization also hosts an annual conference, which attracts hundreds of families. In addition, members have access to a resource repository, discounts on conference registration, and a valuable forum for sharing programs. This association is also a national trade association. While it does not provide funding, membership allows people to participate in the national organization and network with others.